The ecological profile is more comprehensive which gives equal coverage to the physical, biological, socio-economic, cultural and built environments.

Geophysical Environment
Topography

The municipality of Aleosan has marked landscapes of flat terrain, rolling lands, scattered small hills and plateaus, which gradually rise to become small mountains. Intensive rice and corn production, vegetables and other crops are influenced by the presence of 7,379.50 hectares of flat, level and nearly level to very gently sloping lands. An estimated area of around 5,817 hectares is suited for pasture, gracing and forest lands. An approximate area of around three hundred ninety (390) hectares found in Pentil, New Leon and New Panay, is considered flood-prone and needs careful reforestation activities. Aleosan is also endowed with small rivers and creeks that criss-cross the area.

During heavy rains, overflow from these bodies of water serve as the natural drainage flow of the municipality’s agricultural and domestic water wastes. Construction of irrigation dams and canals to supply water for agricultural uses could be effected in places where rivers and creeks are found and to supply with the same sources areas where natural water sources are not found available due to high elevation or slopes. Development tends to concentrate in areas with generally flat lands and presently the Poblacion or San Mateo is the place where there is a relatively high density of urban development as compared to other barangays. Approximate area devoted to urban use is 2,918.3441 hectares.

Climate

Aleosan area belongs to the fourth type of climate or the intermediate “E” with no distinct dry season. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year with heavier rains from May to September. This type of climate conditions is suitable for the production of crops like rice, corn, mangoes, jackfruit, vegetables and root crops, which are considered seasonal crops and permanent crops like coconut, rubber, coffee, cacao and orchard crops.

The prevailing wind directions come from the south, the so-called southeast monsoon during summer and winds of varying degrees during wet/rainy season. Typhoon is very seldom felt in the area as Aleosan is located outside of the typhoon belt and is protected by small mountain ranges.

Soil Type

There are four types of soil in the area. The Kudarangan Series is a clay type of soil that comprising around 19,250 or 78.73% of the total area of Aleosan. Kabacan Series is of the alluvial type comprising around 1,520 hectares or 6.22% of the town’s total land area. This type is of clay loam surface. The other kind of soil is the Faraon Series, which is of limestone type, and is of clay to clay loam type making up 2,240 hectares or 9.16 % of the town’s total area. And the other type of soil is the Aroman Series, a clay loam type of soil which is 1,440 or 5.89% of the town’s total area. In areas where highly alluvial class of soil is found, cover crops like camote, peanuts, root crops and vegetables are suitable.

Slopes

A total of 11,770 hectares with slopes from 0-8% and 7,920 hectares of land with slopes 8-18 % are areas potential for agricultural production. In some parts within and beyond the Poblacion, the slope ranges from moderately to gently rolling slopes. Slope 18% and 30% above which has a total of 3,630 are considered potential for pasture and grazing lands. An approximate area of 1,130 hectares is considered as forestlands but only 888.42 hectares could be classified with potential forest cover.

Geology

Generally, the geological pattern of the strata of land existing in the area is not well defined. In some areas, the subsoil is composed of the de-integration of limestone mixed with clay. However, there are portions of Aleosan that are potentially rich with raw materials for quarrying and construction of roads. Presently, these deposits remain untapped. Also, there was no geologic survey conducted to determine the presence of materials, which are of high commercial value.

Soil Capability/Suitability

Almost 21,490 hectares or 87.59% of the total land area has good land capability. Most of the soil types of the plains and valleys are suited for agricultural production. Rice and corn and other similar crops that require abundant and continuous supply of moisture are also grown in some parts of the rolling areas where water sources are available. The remaining 2,960 hectares or 12.11% of the total area have soils best adapted to forestry, tree farming and pasture or grazing lands.

Demography
Total Population

Aleosan has a total population of 35,746 in 2010 PSA Census with 18,588 male and 17,158 female while in 2015, there were 39,405 total populations with 20,382 male and 19, 023 female. In 2015, San Mateo has the highest population while Palacat has the lowest population among the 19 barangays.

Historical Growth of Population

The 1990 census is the earliest census in Aleosan with 22,574 population count. The second census was done on 1995 with 25,408 total population counts. There is an increase of population by 2,834 persons and a growth rate of 2.39. The third census done in 2000 has a total population count of 26,164. There is a small increase in population growth rate with 0.59 and a significant increase in 2007 with 3.32, the highest rate in the municipality.

The population trend of Aleosan is disrupted by the armed conflicts since 1970’s, still under the Municipality of Pikit. Violence escalated and plunged Mindanao into a virtual war. The reported armed conflicts in 1990’s and 2000’s prompted most of the residents to migrate to safer barangays and municipalities. Most of the affected barangays are Bagolibas, Dualing, Dunguan, Pagangan, San Mateo, New Panay and Tapodoc.

In 2015 the annual growth rate is 1.97% while in 2010 census the growth rate is 2.83.

Population by Age & Sex

In 2010 census, ages 5-9 having a highest population with 2,400 male and 2,239 female and ages 60-64 having the lowest population with 394 male and 312 female, while in 2015 PSA census it was noted that ages 0-4 has the highest population with 2,454 male and 2,361 female and ages 60-64 having the lowest population with 451 male and 429 female.

Households Per Barangay

In 2010, Barangay San Mateo has the highest total number of Household with 905 while the lowest number of household is Barangay Palacat with 197 Households in 2015 PSA Census. It was observed that same barangay has the highest household population with a total of 1,053 and Barangay Palacat also has the lowest household population with 245 in 2015 Census.

Population Density by Barangay

Barangay Tomado is a highly dense barangay with 400 persons per sq. km, followed by Barangay Dunguan with 292 and Barangay Upper Mingading with 213 while Barangay Luanan has 71 followed by Barangay Palacat with 86 and Barangay Sta.Cruz has 100 persons per sq. km.

Marital Status

In marital status, legally married prevails as the highest number of population with a total of 13,476 followed by singles with 11,959 in 2010 NSO Census. In 2015, the ranking is the same with 15,124 legally married and 12, 602 are single.

Ethnicity

Majority of the Total population belongs to Hiligaynon/Ilonggo with 35.06%, followed by karay-a with 25.84% and Maguindanaon with 25.54%.

Economic Profile
Types of Major Agricultural Crops

Predominant crops are Corn and Rice; emerging are Coconut and Rubber; least crop is Pomelo.

Volume of Production per Crop (MT)

Majority of the major agricultural crops planted in the municipality has increased in area and its production in 2017. The data shows that the coffee has increase significantly in area with 143.36% followed by coconut (22.69%) and oil palm (11.29%), however the area planted with corn and rice remains the same. The 2017 production data shows coconut production increases by 47.36% and followed by oil palm 43.01% and the lowest is the production of banana with 5.80%.

Proportion of Agricultural Land Area Devoted to Each Crop

Corn is the number one crop planted by Aleosanon with 23.71% of the total agricultural land followed by coconut and rice, coffee is the least planted by Aleosanon with only 1.16% of the agricultural land devoted to coffee in 2017.

Type and Volume of Livestock and Poultry Farm

Generally the volume of livestock and poultry farm has increased however the volume of horse has decline in 2017. The production of swine has the highest increase with 125.93% and the horse has the lowest with a decrease of 7.41%.

Type, Number and Location of Agricultural Support Facilities and Services

The number of agricultural support facilities overall increases although number of warehouse decreases in 2017 by 11 units and number of rice mill by 4 units.

Infrastructure
Inventory of Roads

Total Length of roads in barangay increased from 168.45 in 2015 to 172.45 in 2017. Concreted roads in barangay increased from 5.52 in 2015 to 14.64 in 2017.

Proportion of Household with Water Supply (Potable)

There was an increasing number of household with accessed to PWS for level I up to level III.

Inventory of Water Supply in Level II shows that there were 13 units in 2015, increased to 23 in 2016 and decreased by 21 in 2017 while Level III water system have 1 in 2015, increased by 3 in 2016 but decreased by 2 in 2017.

Transport Facilities

In the year 2015 up to 2017 no additional Transport Facilities, pedestrian crossing, waiting sheds, and road signages, in 3 years span. The number of streetlights increase from 14 units in 2015 to 50 units in 2016 and 85 units in 2017. Public land transport vehicles Multicab/Jeepney increase from 48 in 2015 to 50 in 2016 to 55 in 2017 and Skylab units from 150 in 2015 to 180 in 2016 to 205 in 2017. Road Accidents in 2016 is 12 and 37 in 2017.

Other Infrastructure Facilities and Electrification

In the year 2015, the percentage of households that has access to electricity is 60%, 64% in 2016 and 70% in 2017.

In 2015, the percentage of households that has access to communication facilities and services is 60%, 64% in 2016 and 70% in 2017. Meanwhile, the households that has access to internet services is 0.3% in 2015, 2.5% in 2016 and 5% in 2017.

Environment Profile
Proportion of Household by Type of Garbage Disposals

Biodegradable waste is the highest garbage waste disposal by the households with 58.69 percent followed by residual waste with 18.74 percent but 8.27 percent has potential for diversion, while the recyclable waste 14.04 percent and special waste is 8.53 percent.

Garbage Disposal Facility

There are Three (3) types of garbage disposal facilities: MRF for recyclable waste, Vermi-Composting/Composting Bin for biodegredable waste and RCA for residual wastes.

Types of Environmental and Natural Disasters

Erosions, landslide, flash flood/flooding and drought.

Inventory of Environmental Programs

The following environmental programs implemented were the following:

(1) Tree Planting/Tree Growing Program; (2) Solid Waste Management Program/LABAW Program; (3) Clean up Drive; and (4) Search for cleanest and greenest Barangay.

Biodegradable waste (kg/day) increased from 4, 567 in 2010, 4,855 in 2015 and 5,150 in 2017. Recyclable waste (kg/day) increased from 1,054 in 2010, 1,162 in 2015 and 1,232 in 2017. Residual waste (kg/day) increased from 1,407 in 2010, 1,550 in 2015 and 1,644 in 2017. Special waste (kg/day) increased from 640 in 2010, 706 in 2015 and 749 in 2017. Only residual waste disposed at the landfill.

Out of the total land area of 24, 450 hectares of the municipality, only 2.53% or 617.9529 hectares covered by forest land.